Make sure you know your skin type, use the Fitzpatrick Skin Tone Chart below to determine your tanning skin type:
Fitzpatrick Skin Type Classification
|Part I: Genetic Disposition||Part II: Reaction to Extended Sun Exposure|
|Eye Color:||Skin’s Response to the sun:|
|Light blue, light gray or light green = 0||Always burns, blisters and peels = 0|
|Blue, gray or green = 1||Often burns, blisters and peels = 1|
|Hazel or light brown = 2||Burns moderately = 2|
|Dark brown = 3||Burns rarely, if at all = 3|
|Brownish black = 4||Never burns = 4|
|Natural hair color:||Does your skin tan?|
|Red or light blonde = 0||Never – I always burn = 0|
|Blonde = 1||Seldom = 1|
|Dark blonde or light brown = 2||Sometimes = 2|
|Dark brown = 3||Often = 3|
|Black = 4||Always = 4|
|Natural skin color (before sun exposure):||How deeply do you tan?|
|Ivory white = 0||Not at all or very little = 0|
|Fair or pale = 1||Lightly = 1|
|Fair to beige, with golden undertone = 2||Moderately = 2|
|Olive or light brown = 3||Deeply = 3|
|Dark brown or black = 4||My skin is naturally dark = 4|
|Freckles on unexposed areas:||How sensitive is your face to the sun?|
|Many = 0||Very sensitive = 0|
|Several = 1||Sensitive = 1|
|A few = 2||Normal = 2|
|Very few = 3||Resistant = 3|
|None = 4||Very resistant/Never had a problem = 4|
|Total score for genetic disposition:||Total score for reaction to sun exposure:|
Fitzpatrick Skin Type Score (total genetic disposition + total sun exposure):
Type I (0-6) Always burns easily and severely (painful burn); tans little or none and peels. People most often with fair skin, blue eyes, freckles; unexposed skin is white.
Type II (7-12) Usually burns easily and severely (painful burn); tans minimally or lightly; also peels. People most often with fair skin, red or blond hair; blue, hazel or even brown eyes; unexposed skin white.
Type III (13-18) Burns moderately and tans about average. People with average Caucasoid skin; unexposed skin is white.
Type IV (19-24) Burns minimally, tans easily, and above average with each exposure; exhibits IPD (immediate pigment darkening) reaction. People with white or light brown skin, dark brown hair, dark eyes (e.g. Mediterranean, Asian, Hispanic, etc); unexposed skin is white or light brown.
Type V (25-30) Rarely burns, tans easily and substantially; always exhibits IPD reaction. People with brown skin (e.g. Native American, East Indian, Hispanic, etc); unexposed skin is brown.
Type VI (31 +) Almost never burns and tans easily; exhibits IPD reaction. People with dark brown skin (e.g. African Americans, Australian, South Indian Aborigines, etc); unexposed skin is black.